Thursday, May 21, 2020
In the quot;Brave New Worldquot; of 632 A. F. (After Ford), universal human happiness has been achieved. (Well, almost.) Control of reproduction, genetic engineering, conditioning--especially via repetitive messages delivered during sleep--and a perfect pleasure drug called quot;Somaquot; are the cornerstones of the new society. Reproduction has been removed from the womb and placed on the conveyor belt, where reproductive workers tinker with the embryos to produce various grades of human beings, ranging from the super-intelligent Alpha Pluses down to the shorter and dumber semi-moron Epsilons. The story takes place in England where the new society lives. Due to a gigantic biological attack almost all of the world is destroyedÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Bernard and Lenina go on a vacation to the New Mexico reservations to meet linda and her son John. In these reservations are a society of people that are much like the people of today. They have morals and values but are considered to be savages. At this point Bernard discovers that Linda was impregnated by the D.H.C., and thus John is his son. Upon finding this out Bernard decides to bring John and Linda back to civilization with them for research purposes. Bernard learns that the D.H.C. is about to exile him for his uncivilized behavior when he and Lenina return to civilization. quot;..He (Bernard) has proved himself an enemy of society, a subverter, ... of all order and stability, a conspirator against civilization itself.quot; Bernard calls John and Linda from the next room, and they call upon the director as son and wife. Bernard is saved from exilation. Bernard becomes very popular in the civilization due to the connections he has with John the savage. Bernards friend Helmholtz befriends John and they share literature with each other. John does not like the civilization, and becomes more disgusted with each day that goes by. Lenina grows an infatuated passion for John, and constantly seeks him out. John thinks of Lenina very highly until she makes advances at him that are against his morals. He gets extremely upset one evening when Lenina makes a sexual advance towards him. quot;The savage pushed her away with such force that she staggered andShow MoreRelatedAldous Huxleys Brave New World1958 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagescognitive abilities, which include increased attention span and cognition span. Drugs like OxyContin have also been used to help with empathy, and to make people feel happier. It may be believed that a drug like soma was only possible in Aldous HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s novel Brave New World, but perhaps not. UtilitarianÃ¢â¬â¢s have been pushing for human enhancement that uses drugs, genetic engineering and nanotechnology to ensure the maximum amount of happiness possible while attempting to eliminate any pain. Proponents believeRead MoreAn Analysis of Aldous Huxleys Brave New World699 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagessoma?: Teens and distracted driving Aldous Huxleys Brave New World portrays a future dystopia in which all the inhabitants merely live for pleasure. All of the characters focus on enjoying things in the moment rather than allow themselves to experience unpleasant truths regarding the past or future. The society even denies death and encourages children to laugh and play around dying people to desensitize the next generation. However, as awful as Huxleys vision may be, some of the warped thinkingRead MoreAldous Huxleys Brave New World Essay1423 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesExamined in Brave New World Huxley observes in his work, Brave New World that the modern world revolves around technological development. The aspirations and morals of modern society do not entirely rely on social issues such as love, family, and success but rather on industrial progress and social development. According to Huxley, technological improvement and growth are critical factors that shape the operation and activities in modern society. So far, community members need to observe the world as technologicallyRead More Aldous Huxleys A Brave New World Essay1452 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Aldous Huxleys A Brave New World The New World, a man-made Utopia, governed by its motto, Community, Identity, Stability (Huxley 3). A man-made world in every way. Human beings fertilized in bottles. Identity, gender, intelligence, position in society, all predestined. Human beings classified in the order of precedence: Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, and Epsilon. Every one conditioned to be a certain way. Every one works for every one else (Huxley, 74). All man-made to ensure social stabilityRead MoreAnalysis of Aldous Huxleys Brave New World1452 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages In our world, there is a plethora of societies. Different societies have different approaches to freedom, and have different ideas of what freedom is. In our society, we are taught that freedom is something that everybody should have no matter who they are or where they are from. In A Brave New World, Huxley gives us two examples of societies. These societies are the World State and the Reservation and they both have very different types of and views on f reedom. By using these two examples and providingRead MoreCivilization Is Sterilization in Aldous Huxleys Brave New World1045 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCivilization is Sterilization In Aldous Huxleys Brave New World (1932), the Fordist system of mass production and consumption allows governments/business to establish dependencies and control of the people in a totalitarian way. The entire society of the World State in this dystopian novel revolves around Fordism, including the way their dates begin in 1908, the year that the first Model-T rolled off the assembly line. Every year after that is considered A.F. or After Ford, instead of the ChristianRead More Society Exposed in Aldous HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Brave New World Essay880 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSociety Exposed in Aldous HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Brave New World One may think that the society in Aldous HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Brave New World is a gross representation of the future, but perhaps our society isnÃ¢â¬â¢t that much different. In his foreword to the novel Brave New World, Aldous Huxley envisioned this statement when he wrote: To make them love it is the task assigned, in present-day totalitarian states, to ministries of propaganda.... Thus, through hypnopaedic teaching (brainwashing), mandatory attendanceRead MoreIndividualism And Individuality In Aldous Huxleys Brave New World1546 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRalph Waldo Emerson once said, Ã¢â¬Å"To be yourself in a world that is constantly trying to make you something else is the greatest accomplishmentÃ¢â¬ . And how true that is. We learn from a young age that it is better to fit in than stand out and that if one does stand out they will be ridiculed and teased into conforming. Our society stifles individuality and hides how they truly feel in order to fit in. Not only that, but we tend t o stifle emotions in our society just as much as individualism. We refuseRead MoreMustafa Mond And Aldous Huxleys Brave New World1001 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Civil DisobedienceÃ¢â¬ , and Aldous Huxley would greatly agree with the phrase. In HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, Brave New World, he creates a world dominated by the tyrannical leader Mustafa Mond. MondÃ¢â¬â¢s way of ruling is very similar to that of Henry Ford, and Huxley draws attention to parallels between Ford and Mond throughout the book. He mocks their style of leadership, which values science over nature, and demonstrates the detrimental effects of it. In Aldous HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s work, Brave New World, he utilizes the characterRead MoreEssay on Aldous Huxleys Brave New World1949 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesof the savage reservation in New Mexico. Despite not being introduced until Chapter 7, John is seen as the centralizing character of the novel. Unlike the rest of his community, he is educated. When Lenina and Bernard come across John during their trip, they soon realize JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s biological father is the Director, Thomas. Once reaffirming this, Bernard and Lenina offer to bring John and Linda back to the World State. Hoping to connect better to the people in the World State, John gladly accepts. It
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The 1929-1942 depression saw the worst unemployment rate in the history of the United States. In 1933, the highest unemployment rate, 25%, was recorded, and so 1 in every 4 people was unemployed. There is not just one cause, although many assume that the stock market crash of 1929 was solely responsible. The Dust Bowl, tariffs, debts, and an abundance of other needed banking laws and problems also caused the loss of money in the countrys economy, the highest rates of deflation seen since the start of the United States. The Great Depression reached every social class, because each social class caused it. Debts, especially consumer debts, added to the number of bank failures during the Great Depression, totaling above 9,000 banks. When a consumer wanted an item that they could not afford, like land and seeds, vacuum cleaners, or cars, they would buy it on credit or loan. When people took out loans, the bank gave the consumer the deposit of another customer who banked with them. Then, w hen the customer wanted to take out their money, the bank did not have the apposite money to give them. If the money given to the consumer was not paid off when the consumer, who bought the item on credit, filed for bankruptcy, the bank then had to shut down because it had no money to give its customers. The Dust Bowl, a major drought caused by farmers planting nutrient- stripping wheat on the nutrient rich soil, was a leading cause of bankruptcy, especially in the south, where wheatShow MoreRelatedAnalysis On Historical Period Of Song Essay1523 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbetter understanding as how the great depression took place in addition to how a simple song made broken Americans feel better. II- Analysis of Historical Period of Song: During this difficult time, many Americans tried to balance with the transition of all the changes happening caused by the great depression. Although for sure didnÃ¢â¬â¢t characterize or yet represented all the obstacles America were experiencing at the time, however, Ã¢â¬Å"Brother, Can You Spare A Dime?Ã¢â¬ hit home for many Americans. SinceRead MoreWho Can You Spare A Dime?1407 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAll of these headlines portray the tragedy that had left millions of Americans in shambles: Black Tuesday. Within two months after Black Tuesday, the crash of the stock market had thrown several million people out of work. As author of Brother, Can You Spare A Dime? author Milton Meltzer wrote of these American Troubles: The trouble spread quickly. Many businesses came to a dead halt. Salespeople were fired from stores, factories cut down on production, executives decided not to expand. RecentlyRead MoreThe Great Depression or The Crash of the Stock Market in 19291299 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSome headed towards California to mine for gold. Americans wanted to escape the nightmare of the depression. Music and entertainment during this time were among the few outlets that gave people hope of a better future. From books to movies, people wanted to escape from the harsh realities in any way. Cars and telephones also increased communication and helped people to escape. Before the Depression not many people owned phones or radios but afterwards they were much more affordable and were commonRead More F.D.R.s Influence as President Essay4275 Words Ã |Ã 18 Pagesthe twentieth century. Those claims can be backed up by the overwhelming support that he received from his citizens throughout his four terms in office. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt began a new era in American history by ending the Great Depression that the country had fallen into in 1929. His social reforms gave people a new perspective on government. Government was not only expected to protect the people from foreign invaders, but to protect against poverty and joblessness. RooseveltRead MoreA Short Story5859 Words Ã |Ã 24 Pagesmound of trash and assorted debris. It was still vibrant in color and odor. Here. He pointed to the mound. Take out all the metal scraps; put all the copper in one pile, the iron in another, and the aluminum in another. Ill be back later. If I see you guys standing still, youre fired. He turned and walked off, furrowing to his shack. They blended into the mound and filtered waste matter in all phases of decomposition. Scraps of copper, iron, and aluminum assembled in their respective piles. NoRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words Ã |Ã 760 PagesAttributionNonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. That is, you are free to share, copy, distribute, store, and transmit all or any part of the work under the following conditions: (1) Attribution You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author, namely by citing his name, the book title, and the relevant page numbers (but not in any way that suggests that the book Logical Reasoning or its author endorse you or your use of the work). (2) Noncommercial You may not use this work for commercial purposesRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words Ã |Ã 1617 Pagesmymanagementlab is an online assessment and preparation solution for courses in Principles of Management, Human Resources, Strategy, and Organizational Behavior that helps you actively study and prepare material for class. Chapter-by-chapter activities, including built-in pretests and posttests, focus on what you need to learn and to review in order to succeed. Visit www.mymanagementlab.com to learn more. DEVELOPING MANAGEMENT SKILLS EIGHTH EDITION David A. Whetten BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY Read MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 Pagesmechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. To obtain permission(s) to use material from this work, please submit a written request to Pearson Education, Inc., Permissions Department, One Lake Street, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458, or you may fax your request to 201-236-3290. Many of the designations by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this book, and the publisher was aware of a trademark claim, the
The job of a make-up artist is my lifelong ambition. Since early childhood, I was impressed with the mysterious world of stage and cinema and eager to make a contribution to the sphere. I believe that make-up artists are making a great deal to make artistsÃ¢â¬â¢ appearance before cameras intriguing and appealing. We will write a custom essay sample on A make up artist job or any similar topic only for you Order Now There are also a number of things about the career that appeal to me at this point. First, it involves communication with people. As make-up artists work with movie stars, television hosts, and theatre actors, this means communication with interesting, talented people who bring their gifts to stage presentations. As someone fascinated with the artistic world, I am eager to foster relationships in it that can turn into lasting friendships. Contributing to their looks on the screen and on stage, I can become an important person in their lives and one to whom they turn for support and advice. Second, I like the creativity of the job. A human face can appear to the world in such a distinct variety of looks that it is really breath-taking to imagine. The make-up artist can use oneÃ¢â¬â¢s innate ability to add a new touch to anybodyÃ¢â¬â¢s face, making it more or less impressive. I am excited to learn ways to present the same face from a different standpoint, demonstrating its different aspects and qualities. I believe that there is great opportunity to use oneÃ¢â¬â¢s creative abilities in this kind of job. Since I am always booming with ideas, I feel that a job of such kind is right for me. Third, it is very important that this job relates to human beauty. Personally, I sometimes admire how good-looking people can be. People are so different, and the make-up artistÃ¢â¬â¢s job is to bring out their individuality, underscoring their most appealing qualities. Working on the human face is so exciting because, no matter how trite this phrase seems, the face is the mirror of the soul and is thus the most important part of appearance. Trying to reveal the beauty of the human face is very exciting, especially when one works with a face that does not fit into social beauty standards. I would be especially thrilled to work on such faces, attempting to show the world the inner beauty of these people. I also enjoy the technical part of the profession and its various challenges. I know that I will have to gain a thorough understanding of technical issues involved and details of the photographic process, shooting, colors, special effects, and the like. I am really interested in seeing all these details in work and gain a thorough understanding of them. When I finish the make up artist school, I intend to seek a job, perhaps on television or in the movie industry. This is my first choice because I believe that a make-up artist has a lot to do in those areas. This work is going to be creative and offer opportunities for self-development. I would love to secure a permanent job with a film-making company or a TV channel. I understand that it may be unrealistic at some point and therefore am prepared to deal with assignments on a contract basis, offering my services to different companies for temporary projects. I hope that over time, as my experience increases, I will obtain access to interesting projects with attractive compensation. Preparing make-up for a well-known movie would be the pinnacle of my career. To attain this goal, I plan to do a lot of networking in the industry and related trade bodies and associations. In this way, I can increase my participation in the industry and foster good connections. I would also love to find a mentor who can guide me through the intricacies of the profession. This is why I would gladly accept an assistant position as my first job. I hope that with due effort, a career in this industry can become a reality for me. Ã Ã How to cite A make up artist job, Essay examples
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Individuals go through different developmental phases as they negotiate diverse experiences from childhood to adulthood, otherwise known as lifespan. The experiences are mainly determined by both nature and nurture influences, and plays a central role in determining an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s personality (Grogorenko Sternberg, 2003).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Lifespan Personality: Towards explaining President Barrack ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Personality Traits specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is imperative to note at this early stage that consecutive studies on developmental phases through the lifespan has yielded many theories that attempt to explain the mental, emotional, cognitive, and social development experienced by individuals. This paper purposes to critically analyze what forces have impacted the life of U.S. President Barrack Obama from the perspective of developmental psychology by applying two theories o f personality in the analyses of the influences throughout the lifespan. Heredity and Environmental Influences Psychologists largely believe that both heredity and environmental factors play a fundamental role in the development of a multiplicity of personality traits (Knafo Plomin, 2006). Personality can be exclusively described as the continuing or long-term patterns of thought, values, world views, and behavior that an individual projects or expresses in diverse circumstances (Shaffer, 2009; Polak et al, 2010). By any standards, Obama is charismatic, ambitious, and goal-directed (Jittan Immelman, 2008). He is confident, analytical, thoughtful, sensitive, and energetic, not mentioning the fact that he is independent and open in both thought and action. The above personality traits, though not conclusive, can be used to describe the person of the 44th president of the U.S. President ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s cognitive and intellectual aptitudes largely demonstrated through his sharp thinkin g and leadership approach can be attributed to heredity influences, especially with the realization that his father was an astute civil servant in post-independence Kenya. Heredity influences occur when genetic characteristics are transmitted from the parents to the offspring. His skin color and hair type are genetic factors that must have influenced his social and emotional development especially in socialization processes. ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s resilient and goal-directed nature can be attributed to the experiences he underwent as a child and youth due to the heredity influences described above. Environmental influences are thought to have the biggest role in determining personality traits of individuals (Shaffer, 2009). According to the author, personality characteristics are not only determined in part by environmental influences, but they influence how individuals adjust to the immediate environment and how they respond to particular situations.Advertising Looking for essay on ps ychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Obama cuts across a figure of a person who is emotionally stable, morally straight, and cognitively superior as demonstrated by his accomplished oratory skills, leadership qualities, confident, sensitive, thoughtful, and attentive nature. These characteristics can be attributed to environmental influences that the president experienced while growing up in a single-family setup and in school. According to Myers (2009), ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦black African father, white American mother, Muslim middle name, and childhood spent partially in Asia make him more that the 21st-century embodiment of the classic American melting potÃ¢â¬ (para. 5). The cultural environment in which young Obama grew explains his assertive and competitive nature (Shaffer, 2009). Family Issues and Support Systems It is safe to argue that family issues must have played a significant role in the developmental grow th and adjustment of President Obama. First, Obama was born out of a multi-racial relationship between an African father and a white American mother (Myers, 2009). This must have had a profound effect on ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s personality development. According to Shaffer (2009), the personality development of individuals is affected by whether such individuals have other siblings, and also by the order in which the siblings are born in the family context. Reliable sources say that Obama had a junior sister, hence he was the first born in the family. His parents separated when Obama was young. According to Shaffer (2009), first-born children live to become more achievement-oriented, independent, and responsible. This can be used to explain ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s mastery of the above named attributes. Shaffer (2009) asserts that Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦the home environment parents provide for their children is influenced in part by the parents own genotypesÃ¢â¬ ¦And because parents also provide their childre n with genes, it so happens that the learning environments to which children are exposed are correlated withÃ¢â¬ ¦their own genotypes (p. 82). This statement reveals how heredity and environment come into play in the family context to influence an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s personality development. In support systems, Obama was said to be a high performer both in high school and college (Myers, 2009). Here, it can be said that his physical characteristics (good looks) and emotional stability (outgoing nature) influenced his developmental growth and adjustment during his formative years.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Lifespan Personality: Towards explaining President Barrack ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Personality Traits specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Physical attraction comes as a result of heredity influences while emotional stability can be occasioned by both heredity and environmental influences. According to Shaffer (2009 ), physically attractive students are more likely to be treated favorably and auspiciously than their less attractive counterparts, hence heightening their confidence and energy levels as revealed in the case of Obama. Theories of Personality Development There exist many theories of personality development that attempts to explain how individuals maneuver their way through the different developmental phases. Sigmund FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s psychosocial theory and WatsonÃ¢â¬â¢s social learning theory of can be applied to explain ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s personality development. In psychosexual theory, Freud argued that individuals are largely driven by drives and conflicts that they are oblivious of, not mentioning the fact that their personalities is overwhelmingly shaped by early childhood experiences (Shaffer, 2009). It is up to the individual to control the powerful biological urges that seeks to be fulfilled since society view them as undesirable. According to Shaffer, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦the way in w hich parents have managed these sexual and aggressive urges in the first few years of life play a major role in shaping the childÃ¢â¬â¢s future conduct and characterÃ¢â¬ (p. 39). Freud comes up with the stages of psychological development and suggests that a child must successfully pass through the stages and avoid fixation to lead a fulfilling life in adulthood (Polak et al, 2010). On the other hand, Watson postulates that conclusions about individual personality development should be based on observations and interpretations of unconcealed behavior patterns rather than conjecturing about unconscious processes or urges that are not observable. Indeed, Watson believed that Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦well learned associations between external stimuli and observable responsesÃ¢â¬ ¦are the building blocks of human developmentÃ¢â¬ (Shaffer, 2009, p. 44). According to Watson, social environment rather than inborn tendencies are instrumental in individualÃ¢â¬â¢s personality development. Con sequently, SigmundÃ¢â¬â¢s psychosocial theory differ in major ways with WatsonÃ¢â¬â¢s social learning approach as far as explaining ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s personality development is concerned. The psychosocial theory seems to suggest that childhood experiences largely determine the personality of an individual in adulthood.Advertising Looking for essay on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s childhood experiences are largely as a result of biological urges that cannot be quantitatively measured (Shaffer, 2009). As such, the theory presupposes that Obama must have had a totally fulfilling childhood for him to develop such astute personality characteristics in adulthood. According to SigmundÃ¢â¬â¢s theory, the experiences that Obama had in school and in his role as a senator cannot be said to influence his personality traits since they were informed by his childhood experiences. Watson, however, punches holes on this viewpoint, suggesting that personality traits are largely dependent on the rearing environments. In addition, Watson asserts that the personality traits of children are also dependent on the parents and other significant individuals in the lives of children (Shaffer, 2009; Polak et al, 2010). To conclude, therefore, WatsonÃ¢â¬â¢s social learning theory best explains the personality traits and accomplishments of president Obama. It can be argued that Obama has gained a lot of experiences from interacting with the social environment. It is wrong to suggest that the president has gained the incredible personality traits through a sequence of divergent stages informed by a process of biological maturation (Shafter, 2009). On the contrary, ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s personality traits have been achieved through a continuous process of behavior transformation that is informed by his interactions with the social environment. Reference List Grogorenko, E.L., Sternberg, R.J. (2003). The nature-nurture issue. In: A. Slater G. Bremmer (Eds), An introduction to developmental psychology. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. Knafo, A., Plomin, R. (2006). Parental discipline and affection and childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s pro-social behavior: Genetic and environmental links. Journal of Personality Social Psychology, Vol. 90, Issue 1, p. 147-164. Retrieved from Academic Source Premier Database. Myers, D.D. (2009). Is Obama the most Famous Livi ng Person Ever? Retrieved from https://www.vanityfair.com/news/2009/01/is-obama-the-most-famous-living-person-ever Polak, M., Van, H.L., Overeem-Seldenrijk, J., Heiser, W.J., Abraham, R.E. (2010). The developmental profile validation of a theory-driven instrument for personality assessment. Psychotherapy Research, Vo. 20, Issue, 3, P. 259-272. Retrieved from Academic Source Premier Database. Shaffer, D.R. (2009). Social and personality development, 6th Ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. This essay on Lifespan Personality: Towards explaining President Barrack ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Personality Traits was written and submitted by user Bristol Woodward to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. 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Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Informative Essay Sample on Theories of Evolution The creation-evolution controversy is everlasting verbal battle between the advocates of two theories. During those disputes many brilliant ideas appeared, and even more ideas were demolished. Theories of evolution and creation involved best scientists: theologists, biologists, medics, sociologists, geologists, paleontologists, nuclear physicists and cosmologists. Those theories even acquired a Ã¢â¬Å"foster childÃ¢â¬ , so called theistic evolution theory. In this essay I will discuss the origins and consequences of the creation-evolution controversy, emphasize main points of three theories and sum everything up with my personal opinion. The theory of evolution (also called Metaphysical naturalism) probably originated in early Greek philosophy. In their definition of nature, Greeks distinguished natural from artificial. During the Renaissance, which reintroduced numerous treatises by Greek and Roman natural philosophers, and many of the ideas and concepts of naturalism were conceived. In this period, metaphysical naturalism finally acquired a distinct name, materialism. However, in the 20th century advances in physics as well as philosophy made the whole idea of materialism untenable. Matter was found to be a form of energy so reality was obviously not so Ã¢â¬Å"materialÃ¢â¬ as it used to be thought of. As a final note to the history of metaphysical naturalism, Marxism, a variety of politicized naturalism, appeared. However, today most advocates of metaphysical naturalism reject both extremes and embrace the more moderate political ideals. While the adherents of evolutionary theory were disputing whose ideas is mo re Ã¢â¬Å"absolutely rightÃ¢â¬ new theory the theory of theistic evolution appeared. Theistic evolution (or evolutionary creationism) is the general opinion that the theory of creation is compatible understanding about biological evolution. Theistic evolution supporters can be seen as the group, who try to avoid conflicts between religion and science, they are sure that teachings about creation and scientific theories of evolution need not be contradictory. This term was first used by Eugenie Scott to refer to the beliefs about creation and evolution holding the theological view that God creates through evolution. This view is accepted by major Christian churches, including Roman Catholicism and some Protestant denominations. The major criticism of theistic evolution by non-theistic evolutionists focuses on its essential belief in a supernatural creator, evolutionists state that theistic evolution is simply a belief in a God of the gaps, where anything that cannot currently be explained by science is attributed to God. Intelligent design (also known as creationism) is the assertion that certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, not an undirected process such as natural selection. The term intelligent design came into use after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in the 1987 case of Edwards v. Aguillard who claimed that the teaching of creation science alongside evolution was a violation of the Establishment Clause, which prohibits state aid to religion. The term irreducible complexity was introduced by Michael Behe, who defines it as a single system which is composed of several well-matched interacting parts that contribute to the basic function, wherein the removal of any one of the parts causes the system to effectively cease functioning.For that time their claims were declared to be unsupported, but in a long run it turns out that sympathizers of creation idea have the strongest arguments. Fine Tuning argument, for example, claims that the fundame ntal constants of physics and laws of nature appear so finely-tuned to permit life that only a supernatural engineer can explain it. Attentive reader should have already noticed that I am the supporter of creation theory. In my personal view neither the naturalism theory nor the theory of theistic evolution can not (and never will) explain the existence of morality, emotions, conscience, love. Only God who has all aforementioned features could give them to us. In a conclusion I would like to mention the defiance that Dr. Kent Hovind bid to all advocates of evolution theory in far 1990. I have a standing offer of $250,000 to anyone who can give any empirical evidence (scientific proof) for evolution. My $250,000 offer demonstrates that the hypothesis of evolution is nothing more than a religious belief.No one still managed to get this reward. Maybe YOU want to be the first?;)
Monday, March 2, 2020
10 Most Exciting Outdoor Blogs Are you in love with wide open spaces? Are you always in for a bit of adventure? If you answered yes to either of these questions, these ten excellent outdoor blogs may be for you. The Big Outside This website/blog, curated by a long-time outdoor enthusiast Michael Lanza, is a wealth of information, not just about wilderness adventures, but about wilderness adventures with children. Michael is a family man and has a unique perspective on adventuring with humans whose age hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t cracked the single digits yet. This website has plenty of the standard outdoor fare gear reviews, trips and adventures, advice Ã¢â¬â but itÃ¢â¬â¢s the family adventures section that really sets it apart. thebigoutside.com US Outdoor Blog The USOutdoor.com blog is a unique collection of tips articles by the staff of the U.S. Outdoor Store in Portland, Oregon. But rather than being just a place where everything is lumped together, the USOutdoor.com blog is broken into categories to make it easy to find what youÃ¢â¬â¢re looking for. Interested in camping? Click on the Ã¢â¬Å"We CampÃ¢â¬ link. Does climbing get your engine going? Check out the Ã¢â¬Å"We ClimbÃ¢â¬ section. Need advice on clothing? Ã¢â¬Å"We WearÃ¢â¬ is where you want to be. Hiking? Riding (as in snowboarding)? Skiing? Surfing? Yep, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a link for that. blog.usoutdoor.com Outdoor Alliance Though the suffix on this website (.org) might give you some idea as to its purpose, its mission statement says it all: Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦to protect, enhance, and promote the human-powered outdoor recreation experience by uniting the voice of outdoor enthusiasts to conserve AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s public lands.Ã¢â¬ OutdoorAllicance.org brings together the likes of American Whitewater, American Canoe Association, Access Fund, International Mountain Bicycling Association, Winter Wildlands Alliance, and the Mountaineers with the goal of protecting public lands. The blog also provides the outlook for various outdoor adventures. outdooralliance.org Love the Outdoors A back-to-basics website (format, not living off the land) with a wealth of information for all your outdoor adventure needs. Though its not full of pictures and vivid Internet bells and whistles, it offers plenty of advice on everything from beginning mountain biking to avoiding wildlife habitat when finding a campsite and freshwater fishing. lovetheoutdoors.com The Planet D ThePlanetD.com is another unique perspective on the outdoor/adventure lifestyle. Long-married couple Dave and Deb left their jobs in the Toronto Film Industry to start a life of adventure and travel. Experience round-the-world adventures through their eyes. theplanetd.com Mr And Mrs Adventure Newly-married couple Drew and Brittany left behind their California lives to travel far and wide, experience adventure, and live in a van (not down by the river). MrAndMrsAdventure.com is another unique perspective amidst the mass of outdoor websites. What are the challenges of being married and constantly on the road? This site is filled with great advice on living the nomadic life and finding adventure wherever you are. mrandmrsadventure.com The Campsite Blog A foray into the spiritual as well as the outdoors. TheCampsiteBlog.com is all about creative ideas that spur adventure, travel experiences, and subjects of conversation and debate. To quote the blog itself: Ã¢â¬Å"The Campsite is all about sharing and learning from one another just as we would sitting around that cozy campfire.Ã¢â¬ But TheCampsiteBlog.com is about more than just finding yourself outdoors (and yes, there is a double meaning in Ã¢â¬Å"finding yourselfÃ¢â¬ ), its Ã¢â¬Å"In The BackpackÃ¢â¬ section provides a wide range of articles that will help you in your journey into yourself and into the wilderness. thecampsiteblog.com Dirtbag Darling A great resource for the outdoor adventure lifestyle from former surf-magazine editor Johnie Gall. The site is organized by activity (water, land, snow) and places (east coast, west coast, mid-west, south international) and includes how-to guides, gear reviews, a journal, and a section entitled, Ã¢â¬Å"Defenders of FunÃ¢â¬ . An interesting site with advice and musings from a girl whoÃ¢â¬â¢s not afraid to live in a van. dirtbagdarling.com Adventure Filled An adventure-filled blog from adventure enthusiast Laurie Tewksbury. AdventureFilled.com has the usual gear reviews and how-tos for the outdoor adventurer but it also has some unique perspectives about life and love (of the outdoors). Check out Ã¢â¬Å"52 in 52Ã¢â¬ about LaurieÃ¢â¬â¢s goal of achieving 52 hikes in 52 weeks or Ã¢â¬Å"How to Keep Adventuring When Life Gets in the WayÃ¢â¬ . adventurefilled.com Just a Colorado Gal A blog about life and living outdoors (not literally but as much as possible). Blog writer Heather chronicles her adventures around the world, touches on the standard topics of gear and various forms of outdoor activities, and throws in some perspectives on health, fitness, and the state of being away from civilization. justacoloradogal.com So whether youÃ¢â¬â¢re new to the lifestyle or a long time adventure-seeker, youÃ¢â¬â¢d be hard pressed to go wrong with any of these excellent outdoor blogs.
Friday, February 14, 2020
Brief Review of Literature Discussing Theories - Essay Example Equally, Bronfenbrenner, Pavlov, Skinner, Watson, Vygotsky in the midst of others, are among the distinguished theorists who have addressed the issue. This paper will review literature discussing theories and theorists concerned with the cause and response to problematic behaviour in children. Causes of problematic behaviour in children The development of children behaviours, whether good or problematic, starts at an early age. These behaviours may persist, if no intervention measures are put in place. In addition, the magnitude of the problem develops with age, as children who demonstrate problematic behaviours during their earlier years are likely to show more problems later in life (Papatheodorou, 2005 pp. 4). These behaviours start at birth, when they are controlled by external factors. BowlbyÃ¢â¬â¢s attachment theory asserts that infants begin to develop psychological attachment to the first people they relate with, and use the knowledge they acquire to shape their behaviours. The infant-parent relationship is thus very useful in influencing the environment that shapes the behaviour of the children (Wallach & Caulfield, 1998 pp. 125). According to Dowling (2009 pp. 11), developing the confidence of children at a tender age plays a major role in shaping their behaviours. She affirms that, confidence is a driver in supporting the growth at a tender age. It is apparent that children gain confidence from the relationship they develop with their parents. Such activities as allowing children to play may increase their self-confidence, which plays a role in shaping their behaviours (Dowling, 2009 pp. 11). John Bowlby (Arnold, 2010 pp. 21) in his study of the attachment theory affirmed that the earliest bond between children and their caregivers has a lasting effect in their lives. These affects are demonstrated in their behaviours, which may be problematic or calm. Children who do not have strong attachments with their parents or caregivers usually develop oppo sitional-defiant, conduct disorder and in extreme cases post-traumatic depression. This makes the children aggressive, upset most of the time and having a feeling of insecurity (Arnold, 2010 pp. 23). PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s theory about children development cements the attachment theory. According to Piaget, children have the ability to construct their own knowledge based on the experiences they go through. In addition, he affirms that accommodation and assimilation play a role in shaping the behaviours of children. As a result, children who are rejected at a tender age may learn bad traits, which are reflected in their behaviours (Bronfenbrenner, 1979 pp. 10). Domestic violence in the families also plays a major role in shaping the behaviours of children. This incidence entails any form of threatening behaviour or violence, physical, psychological, financial or sexual between two adults who have been living together. Such incidences are devastating to the lives of a child who may not be aw are of what is going on. What children see, hear or experience during the violence makes them change their perception as well as behaviours. Children who for example hear their parent scream in anger or plead in fear, will develop aggression and hatred towards a certain group of people. As a result, the hatred is reflected in their behaviours (Sterne, Poole, Chadwick, & Lawler, 2010 pp. 4). On a larger perspective, the society in which children are brought up